Page 21 of the "Carthage College Catalog 1890-1895" on Mocavo.com suggests the reason:
Edward Rampley was in the "Middle and Junior Classes" of the Academic Department which is descried in the image above. The Academic Department was "designed for those preparing for college." When I went back and read the pages before the Rampley entry, there were entries for the "College" and the senior, junior, sophomore, and freshmen classes within the College. The "Academic Department" was styled as an "Academy" in the catalog, but was intended to prepare students for college work.
Rampley wasn't really attending Carthage College.
The 1940 census for Rampley implies a birth year of approximately 1879. This is consistent with what is known about Rampley. This would have made him approximately 14 when he attended in 1893--a little young for traditional college attendance during this time period.
What I also could have done, but chose not to based upon these two discoveries, was to have searched for Rampley's classmates in the census to approximate their ages. If the description of the "Academic Department" had not made the purpose of it clear, the ages of Rampley's classmates might have suggested that he really was not attending the College itself.
- Don't assume the census is wrong. In this case it was correct.
- Read the entire document--the earlier section of the catalog explained what the "Academic Department" was.
- Look at the neighbors for clues--in this case classmates. Their ages would have suggested that Rampley (and they) were not traditional aged college students.
- Avoid drawing conclusions until the research is really done.