31 December 2014
I've streamlined the order and download process for back issues of Casefile Clues. If you'd like to order back issues, please visit this page to do so. Download is immediate and you get the entire set at once. No longer do you have to wait for me to send you back issues.
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We've seen that Fannie Neill "couldn't be found" when the Hancock County Sheriff came knocking in 1908 to give notice that the farm she was renting from her father's estate was subject to a partition suit filed by her mother and brother William.
The partition suit apparently wasn't the only legal action William took against Fannie.
The final account in the partition suit references a judgment against Fannie Neill by her brother William for $180.68 that was obtained before Squire Martin. The reference to the judgement does mention what the judgment resulted from, but it could very well have had to do with the farm that the Neills were renting--perhaps for grain, supplies, or other expenses
In this era, cases for small amounts of money could be heard in front of a justice of the peace instead of the county court. That seems to be what happened here. Where those records are is another matter entirely. How necessary they are to my research is also another matter. I'm not certain it's worth my time to search them out.
There may have been a little more going on here than simply the partition suit. Without seeing the records, it's difficult to speculate about William Rampley's claim against the Neills. It's also possible that they simply decided to let the amount come out of their inheritance--which apparently it did.
Stay tuned for a wrap up post.
30 December 2014
Delaware, Marriages and Marriage Licenses, 1713-1894
29 December 2014
I'll be giving three lectures at the upcoming Ohio Genealogical Society Conference in April 2015 in Columbus, Ohio.
- Organizing Online Searches
- Seeing Patterns: Organizing Your Data
- The "Missing" 1840 Census
Hope to see you in Ohio!
We've discussed the partition suit among Riley Rampley's heirs before, but a closer reading of the list of parties involved indicated that one of Riley's children was missing: Martha (Rampley) Gillham.
The question is why?
Thinking she was simply left out is not a valid conclusion. Court cases involving property rights need to involve all the interested heirs. Even if she were intentionally left out (extremely doubtful), it's unlikely that one of her siblings wouldn't mention the case to her and, given that notice later appeared in the newspaper and publicly via sale bills for the resulting auction, it's unlikely a neighbor wouldn't mention it to her.
If Martha were deceased at the time of the court action and left no heirs of her own, she wouldn't have to have been listed. That's not the case either--Martha was living at the time of the court case and had children of her own.
It's actually pretty simple, but like many things, requires a reading of all the relevant papers in the case.
The Gillhams had sole their interest in the Rampley estate to her brother, William Rampley.
The reason Gillham didn't have to be a part of the suit was that she had transferred her rights in the estate to her brother. She was not overlooked.
Two of Riley Rampley's children borrowed against their share in the estate--with their mother's knowledge and consent. Gillham is known to have left Hancock County, Illinois. It's possible that instead of mortgaging her interest to raise money, she simply sold it.
It's always worth determining why someone isn't listed where they are supposed to be.
There's usually a reason.
Sometimes that reason is made explicit--as it is here.
Sometimes that reason is buried under indirect references.
Regardless of how easy the reason is to uncover, genealogical absence should make the researcher wonder.
27 December 2014
The packet of court papers in the 1908 Hancock County, Illinois, partition suit involving the family of Riley Rampley is rather large. Sometimes when a file is rather large, it can be tempting to gloss over certain items, particularly when a document appears to be full of legalities. That's when details can be missed. The image that is a part of this post comes from the "Decree Appointing Commissioners to Make Partition," filed in June of 1908.
The initial filings in the case indicated that Charles Neill was the tenant on the Rampley farm with a lease expiring on 1 March 1908. This order indicated that Neill (and probably his family as well) was still on the farm on as of June 1908. The compounding factor here is that Charles Neill's wife, Fannie, was a member of the Rampley family herself.
There is no mention in the court papers as to when the Neill family actually moved from the farm. It is also not mentioned how the Neills reacted to the litigation involving the property on which they were living. Their reaction is not difficult to imagine.
26 December 2014
New York, Book Indexes to Passenger Lists, 1906-1942
Texas, Brownsville Passenger and Crew List of Airplanes, 1943-1964
Florida, Knights Keys Passenger Lists, 1908-1912
Ohio, Passenger and Crew Lists arriving at Ashtabula and Conneaut, 1952-1974
United States World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942
23 December 2014
|Hopefully your |
is full this year!
For those who were not aware, I write several genealogy blogs--all of which can be viewed for free. Those blogs are:
Genealogy Tip of the Day--one genealogy tip every day
Daily Genealogy Transcriber--one piece of handwriting to interpret every day
Casefile Clues--the free blog that corresponds to my newsletter, Casefile Clues
Search Tip of the Day--actually whenever the "spirit" moves
Rootdig--whatever crosses my genealogy desk--only things I actually use or buy myself--I don't mention or "plug" it if I don't use it myself.
Enjoy--the blogs and research tips!
I hate it when something appears out of nowhere when I'm working on something totally unrelated.
In 1909, in an attempt to settle up the estate of her husband Riley Rampley, Nancy J. Rampley made out an affidavit regarding her husband's ownership of his farm. Such affidavits are not uncommon, frequently provide details spanning back several decades, and can provide a variety of information.
Like how Nancy's father-in-law, James Rampley, is mentioned: James R. Rampley.
I've researched this James Rampley since the early days of my research in the 1980s and I can't remember him ever being referred to as James R. Rampley. But it is possible. I won't know until I review all the documents I have on him. Middle initials can be clues or they can be research rabbit holes from which one never returns.
This one reference to a middle initial could also be a mistake. The information was probably handwritten in the process of compiling the affidavit. It was then written into the actual affidavit which Nancy J. Rampley signed. That original affidavit was then transcribed (typed) when the clerk recorded it in the mortgage book. The digital image for this post was made from a photocopy of the mortgage book. So...
It is possible that in the notetaking used to compile the affidavit, in the creation of the actual affidavit, or in the recording of the actual affidavit an extra "R" was inserted. Since the surname begins with an "R," it's also possible the transcriptionist got sidetracked and made a mistake. All of these are real possibilities and get to the elements of analysis discussed in such books as in Evidence Explained and the BCG Genealogy Standards Manual.
It may also be that the 1869 deed refers to James as James R. Rampley and that his name was just copied from that deed. That's something else I'll have to review in my notes. It's also possible that his daughter-in-law Nancy J. Rampley got his name mixed up.
Is the "R" significant? I'm not certain. But it does intrigue me. James Rampley and his wife had several children and all of their first name come from other family members--except for son Riley.
That's why the potential middle initial of an "R" for James Rampley is so interesting.
Or it may just be another genealogy rabbit hole.
22 December 2014
| Nancy J. Rampley, etal.|
vs. Charles W. Rampley etal., Case file 391,
Hancock County Circuit Clerk's Office, Carthage, IL.
I first discovered this court case nearly thirty years ago, early in my research when my knowledge of court records, inheritance, research methods, and life in general was much smaller.
I simply wasn't able to afford a copy of the entire file and so I copied one document that listed the names of all the parties and real estate involved.
The case appeared pretty simple. Riley Rampley died in 1893 with no will, a wife, and eleven children. The document that I copied indicated that the youngest child was too young to sign a deed and I thought that was the only real reason why the case was filed. I also thought that there wasn't anything else I could learn from the case.
And I never looked at it again until this week.
I only meant to take a quick look--I needed a date from it for an upcoming Casefile Clues article. I really wasn't intending to read the entire file again. After all, there wouldn't be anything in it that would really help me and I already "knew everything" about this family.
I knew when they were born. I knew when they married. I knew when they died. And, for the most part, I knew where they lived. Reading it wouldn't tell me anything I didn't already know.
I was wrong.
The original bill filed by Nancy and her son William named the tenants on the Riley Rampley farm: Charles and Fannie (Rampley) Neill. I didn't know they had rented her father's farm early in their marriage. That was news to me. It also became apparent that the Neills weren't going to be able to purchase the farm and that the partition suit being filed by Nancy and William effectively evicted them from the property.
The farm was originally to be auctioned at the west door of the Hancock County courthouse. The judge changed the location to the West Point post office--most likely because it was significantly closer to the farm. As mentioned in an earlier blog post, one of the notices was posted at the Breckenridge telephone building. I never dreamed the village of Breckenridge would have had a telephone office in 1909.
The final payment of expenses indicated that one of the Rampley children obtained a judgement from one of their siblings and that the amount of the judgement was attached to their inheritance. I wasn't even aware that Justices of the Peace could hear "small" claims in the early 20th century and issue judgements.
And, my great-grandmother "couldn't be found" in 1909 when the sheriff came a knocking to give her notice of the partition suit.
All from a case file that I thought "wouldn't tell me anything."
What files have you really not gone through?
We'll be mentioning some of these items in upcoming blog posts here and in issues of Casefile Clues.
|Report of sale [part], 2 February 1909, Nancy J. Rampley, etal. |
vs. Charles W. Rampley etal., Case file 391,
Hancock County Circuit Clerk's Office, Carthage, IL.
I never really gave much thought to when the telephone came to areas where my ancestors lived. Now that I think about it having a broad understanding of how our ancestors likely communicated with those near and far isn't necessarily a bad idea.
Because of my lack of knowledge about the phone system in rural America, I was surprised to see a 1909 reference to a telephone office in a court case in Hancock County, Illinois. When asked where he had posted notices of an upcoming sale, William Rampley listed several places:
- the post office in West Point
- Henry Mensendick's corner
- Howe's shop
- the nearby public highway
- the telephone office in Breckenridge
21 December 2014
We've been busy and hope you'll be able to join us!
I'm hoping it's not too academic, but I'm also hoping that it at least gets me thinking about some of the issues that people face when researching historical figures (which our dead ancestors are, after all) and working to be as certain as we can be that two people we think are the same man or woman actually are.
Genealogy software programs may have an automatic merge, but researchers know that's it is never quite that simple.
I'm looking forward to receiving my copy of Identifying People in the Past. We'll be writing about it after the first of the year when it arrives.
20 December 2014
This is the court case to which Fannie Neill received a summons in February of 1908 when the sheriff returned a notice that she could not be found in the county and left a notice with her husband.
I'm not certain why Nancy and her one son William (along with his wife Amanda who had a dower interest in the interest in the real estate her husband had inherited) were the plaintiffs in the suit. There were defendants in the case besides Riley's heirs. The Berrys and Alva Kelley were also defendants in the suit because they held mortgages to the farm that had been executed by several of Riley's heirs after his demise.
The tenants on the Rampley farm also had to be defendants--but they were also heirs.
And that may have been part of the problem---but just a part. Stay tuned.
19 December 2014
The problem was that Fannie was no where to be found and the summons was left with her husband Charles. The sheriff made no comment about Fannie's whereabouts, just that she could not be found in Hancock County.
Where was Fannie Neill in February of 1908? Was she missing? Why didn't she come to the door?
Do you always look at the summons that appear in the court records you utilize? Are there clues or stories hiding in those seemingly innocuous slips of paper?
Stay tuned. There's more to this story...I think.
18 December 2014
The image shown in this post is a larger portion of the 1905 mortgage mentioned in a blog post yesterday.
I had wondered if the Neills had actually signed "ONeil" on the mortgage or if the clerk in the county recorder's office had simply miscopied their signature using what was written on the top of the mortgage document.
Then I offhandedly commented that maybe they signed it that way because that's the way it was written on the top part of the mortgage by someone at the bank holding the note. It was meant to be sarcasm.
And like many comments made in jest, it may be closer to the truth than I originally thought. It's the locations that matter--genealogy without geography is simply misplaced research.
The bank was located in Carthage, Illinois, the county seat.
The Neills and Rampley lived in the southern portion of Hancock County, in St. Albans and Walker Township. The property being mortgaged was located in Walker Township.
The Neills and Rampley signed the deed before a Justice of the Peace in West Point, Illinois. West Point was closer for the Neills and Rampley than going all the way into Carthage in the days of horses and buggies. There's no scale on the map, but each of the square townships shown is six miles on a side, providing a perspective.
It would have been a 4-5 mile buggy ride to go to West Point. It would have been a longer ride to get to Carthage. They could have taken the train to Carthage, but it's clear they didn't. After, the Justice of the Peace states that he was in West Point.
It seems possible that the bank wrote out the top portion of the mortgage and had the Neills sign it in front of a Justice of the Peace. There's some details about which I'll never be certain.
After all, we only have the document upon which to base our conclusions.
And you thought mortgages were boring.
This image is not from the actual mortgage itself, but rather from the record copy of the mortgage recorded in the Hancock County Recorder's Office. The holders of the note (the bank from whom my ancestors borrowed the money) retained the actual original signed copy of the mortgage.
Speaking from personal experience, I know the last name of Neill gets spelled a variety of ways and I understand spelling variations and errors. In the initial portion of the mortgage, where the mortgagors are named, these three are styled as "Charles O'Neil, Fannie O'Neil, and Nancy J. Rampley." I can easily understand how the name may have gotten spelled "O'Neil" in that initial part of the mortgage.
But it's not the original part of the mortgage that I'm wondering about. It's the part of the mortgage shown here--the part with the names in front of the "Seals." That's the part of the mortgage that the Neills and Nancy Rampley actually signed. Of course their signatures aren't reproduced exactly in this record copy of the mortgage as they were on the original--the clerk used his own handwriting. After all, it was 1905 when this mortgage was recorded and typed or handwritten copies were the norm.
I've seen numerous documents signed by Charles and Fannie Neill--never once did they sign their name "O'Neil." Not on their marriage record, not when Charles testified in a pension case, not when Fannie signed court documents in 1907, etc. They wouldn't have signed their name with an "O."
Unless maybe they were told to because that's the way it had originally been put in the initial portion of the document.
Just something to think about.
And that's what we are supposed to do when we analyze the records we find-think about them. It's what makes our research better, causes us to notice things that others overlook, and helps us migrate from merely collecting data to allowing the data and records we find to tell us as much of the story of our ancestors as possible.
All from three signatures on a mortgage.
Note: The Neills are my great-grandparents. Nancy Rampley is Fannie Neill's mother.
16 December 2014
The 1820 Census Index at Ancestry.com indicates that there are two entries for a Samuel Jones in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania's Newport Township.
The household counts are the same and the
So why were they coming up twice? Why were there two results and two images for Samuel Jones?
Viewing the Ancestry.com "source" for the two Samuels started to get at the actual problem.
The image numbers were different--they differed by two.
When I went and manually viewed the census pages for Luzerne Township, I noted that Ancestry.com said there were 7 images for that township. The image numbers and the corresponding census page numbers are shown below.
Newport Township, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania—Ancestry.com census image number
Actual census page number—taken from census image
p. 376 [upper left]
p. 378 [upper left]
p. 380 [upper left]
p. 378 [upper left]
p. 380 [upper left]
p. 384 [upper left]
15 December 2014
According to the search results on Ancestry.com when searching for Jones entries in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania in the 1820 census, there are two Samuel Jones in Newport, Luzerne County.
It seemed a little strange to me that they both had the same number of individuals in their household (7), but maybe that was just because 7 was Samuel Jones' lucky number.
The arrow was not on the census image.
Why were there two index entries for Samuel Jones when they linked to the same page?
It took a little doing to figure that out and we'll have an update as soon as I can get the post written.
It's always advised to consult the actual document or image that was used to create an index entry. It certainly was necessary in this case.
Apparently the Jones family is common in Luzerne County, but not quite as common as the Ancestry.com index would have us to believe.
There's a reason why there's two index entries for Samuel. Stay tuned for an update--read it here.
One of those books is Evidence Explained by Elizabeth Shown Mills.
The book is not cheap and it's not small--it's nearly 900 pages. Chapter 1 provides an overview of evidence analysis and chapter 2 provides an overview of citation theory. The chapter on evidence analysis is one that it sometimes doesn't hurt to read over more than once. The chapter 1 and chapter 2 of my book are littered with penciled in comments and notations.
I'll be honest. The world won't end if you use a comma instead of a semicolon in a citation. Seriously. It really won't. But the section on evidence analysis (chapter 1) gets at some ways to avoid mistakes in research--and that's something many of us could benefit from reading. Even if you take a "less formal" approach to your research, there are a lot of things to carefully consider in chapter 1.
And it all gets at trying to present an accurate a picture of our ancestor as possible. And that's always a good thing.
Remember that the majority of us who follow as best we can the tenets of Evidence Explained are not members of the Genealogy Police.
The rest of Evidence Explained has citation guides for a variety of records around the world. Even if you don't follow the citations to the letter, the discussion of the sources, while broad, can be very helpful for advanced beginning and intermediate researchers. The discussion of the citation sometimes gets at how the records are frequently organized--always a good thing to know.
The discussion of county-level records for the United States as a whole must be broad and general (that's a large territory with significant variation)--but there's still a great deal of learning that some researchers can do in those sections. The discussion of federal records is also strong and any US researcher would be well served by reading that section, even if they had no intention of following the citation guide down to the letter. I don't follow Evidence Explained to the letter in Casefile Clues, either. I try to use it in spirit--not as dogma. Mills does suggest that her tome is a guide, not an edict.
The book is available in electronic format, but I'm such a Luddite that I have my print copy and have been known to put it in my carry-on luggage.
And my copy of Evidence Explained is written in all over. It's one of those books that's a working copy, not an archival copy and as a result my print copy looks used.
You might even want to consider putting Evidence Explained on your holiday list.
14 December 2014
- 2 free copies of Casefile Clues--simply enter in your email address and "submit" order. There is no credit card or other personal information required. Copy 1 Copy 2
- My Brick Walls A to Z Webinar (and handout)--click here to process order. Coupon code is "brickwall" no credit card or personal information except email address is required.
- You can subscribe to Genealogy Tip of the Day (free) by entering in your email address in the box on the right hand side of the blog page at http://genealogytipoftheday.blogspot.com/
- You can subscribe to Genealogy Transcriber (free) and play along with others reading the handwriting at http://genealogytranscriber.blogspot.com/. There is a subscription box on the right hand side of the page.
- You can subscribe to Genealogy Search Tip (free) by entering in your email address in the box on the right hand side of the blog page at http://genealogysearchtip.blogspot.com/.
One of my Grandpa Neill's few remaining cousins, Edna Dion, passed in August of 2007. What is interesting is how many great-great-grandparents he and this cousin shared: 14 out of 16. Full siblings share 16 out of 16 great-great-grandparents.
"Normal" first cousins normally share 8 out of 16 great-great grandparents (because they have two grandparents or one-half of their ancestry in common). This cousin and my Grandpa were not just first cousins. They were also second cousins and they were also third cousins.
- Grandpa Neill (Cecil Neill 1903-1968) was the son of Charles and Fannie (Rampley) Neill.
- Edna Dion (1914-2007) was the daughter of James E. and Sarah (Neill) Rampley.
Charles Neill and Sarah (Neill) Rampley were brother and sister.
Fannie (Rampley) Neill and James E. Rampley were first cousins, children of brothers Riley and James Rampley.
But there is one more connection.
Brothers Riley and James Rampley both married Nancy Newman, just not the same one. Riley married Nancy J. Newman and James married Nancy E. Newman. Nancy J. was the daughter of William Newman. Nancy E. was the daughter of Edward Newman. These two Newman men were brothers. I can keep it straight, but explaining it sometimes is difficult.
When one looks at their great-great-grandparents on a five-generation chart, 14 out of the sixteen names are the same. Only one set of great-great-grandparents are different. Now that is related.
Note: I didn't mention that there's actually one more connection. Rebecca (Tinsley) Newman was the daughter of Enoch Tinsley--who was a first cousin of Melinda Sledd.
13 December 2014
Rolf Habben was also a brother-in-law of Johann Ufkes.
I was confused.
Rolf Habben was born in 1815 in Wiesens, Ostfriesland, Germany. He was married twice:
- in 1840 to Hille Eilts Post (born 1807 in Wiesens-died in Wiesens in 1853).
- in 1857 to Christena Hinrichs Janssen (Ufkes) (born 1835 Holtroperfeld--died in 1880 in Hancock County, Illinois)
|Johann Frederich Hinrich Ufkes|
12 December 2014
Illinois, Cook County Birth Certificates, 1878-1938
Illinois, Cook County Deaths, 1878-1939, 1959-1995
Massachusetts, Boston Crew Lists, 1917-1943
11 December 2014
10 December 2014
Details are being set, but the date has been confirmed. More details will be published here and on the society's website when they've been finalized.
But sometimes that record they "don't need" contains a name that they never knew a person used, a "mistake" that actually is a clue, or an unexpected bit of information.
I'm not suggesting that a person spend an inordinate amount of money to obtain every piece of paper or document on every ancestor, but there are times when something "you don't need" ends up telling you something that helps you move forward.
Note: This post was short enough that it could have been a Tip of the Day, but it's one of those things that most of need to be reminded of every so often.
Do you know the difference between these two terms?
Somewhere besides the local paper.
A lot more actually.
Where will your people be enumerated in 1950?
Don’t ignore those who left no descendants.
I've personally had good luck with "non-local and non-English" obituaries, federal records beyond the census, and making headway on direct line ancestors by documenting kinfolk who left no descendants of their own.
Maybe one of our more popular tips can help you jumpstart your research.
09 December 2014
Georgia, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872
Kentucky, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872
Ancestry.com's "hint" for my Conrad Haase who died in 1904 in Appanoose Township, Hancock County, Illinois, is a man who was buried in 1902 in Hannover.
Now that's a close match--buried across the Atlantic Ocean before he died.
In all honesty, I realize that Ancestry.com returns this as a "hint" because I could have the date and place of death incorrect.
And people can be buried in a location other the one where they died.
But...still. Can't they set the burial date of the hit to be after the death date I have in my database? Or at least not two years before?
I know that Ancestry.com doesn't listen to me, but here's another idea:
- let users customize their hints.
The Civil War pension for Riley Rampley provides six ages for him at different times. I was curious just how consistent these ages were.
The six ages provided in the pension application are shown on the chart. The dates on which the ages were given range from 1886 through 1893.
All of the ages given are consistent with a date of birth between July and October of 1835. That's not a wide range of dates. Riley's "known" date of birth of 25 August 1835 falls within that range.
Ages given for individuals will not always be consistent, but if you've got a person with varying ages such an analysis may be helpful in reaching a conclusion about when they probably were born.
And it may also help you to determine if one age is so far off from the others that it might have been a clear error.
The assumptions I made in this analysis were that:
- Riley knew his age
- Riley provided his age for all the documents in this study
- Riley was always able to remember his age
08 December 2014
Oregon, Yamhill County Records, 1857-1963
North Dakota, Census 1925
Michigan Obituaries, 1820-2006
Tennessee, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872
The "Michigan Obituaries, 1820-2006," was updated a few days ago--it may not be all that different from the previous update.